Income Drawdown

 
Pension Annuity Phone Number : 0845 83 87 811
Best Pension Annuity Home Seperator Free Quotes Seperator Pension annuity seperator Tax Free Cash Seperator income drawdown seperator pension lump sum seperator annuities abroad seperator
Annuties and Retirement Products for Customers Overseas
Best Pension Annuity Social Media Visit the Best Pension Annuity page on Facebook Best Pension Annuity on Google+ Learn about Annuities and Drawdown on our YouTube Channel Business Connections
 
Best Pension Annuity is a trading style of Platinum Financial Consulting    
AUTHORISED & REGULATED BY THE FINANCIAL CONDUCT AUTHORITY    
 
Income Drawdown Customer Protection  
 
Check us now on the FCA Register. Number 227014
   
Pension Fraud Protection  

Flexi-Access Income Drawdown contracts can help customers manage their pension affairs in a way that best suits them.

'A refreshing change in the financial services industry - a company which is open and looking after the best interests of its clients, rather than its own'.
Mr John Brocklehurst - Hertfordshire  10 out of 10
Income Drawdown offers greater flexibility
 
Just a few reasons why people use income drawdown contacts :
To take a Tax Free Lump Sum
To phase their retirement
To continue to grow their pension before and after retirement
To protect their fund before retirement and get guaranteed growth
To provide a further tax free lump sum in the future by recycling income
To pass their fund on to their family
To make regular contributons (Payments) even after they have taken benefits.
To release more income than available from an annuity
And others . . . . . .
 
Whatever reason you have for using a drawdown contract we promise :
A FREE no obligation quote and information service
We do all the work for you
Competitively priced contracts
Detailed information pack explaining everything you should know
A service that puts you 100% in control
The ability to review your fund when you want
No sales calls
We never sell your details to other companies
A 10 out of 10 Service  *
 
 
Income Drawdown Request Quotes Top
Drawdown Pack Spacer Left Request your FREE Quote and Information Pack Now Happy couple using drawdown
call 0845 83 87 811
Our customers are asked to score us on how well we live up to our claim of offering a "good old fashioned
personal service via the internet" Over 80% of customers (in fact considerably more) score us 10 out of 10.

This page discusses various uses of Income Drawdown and the features of the product.

Income Drawdown combines the features of a personal pension savings plan, with the added ability to take benefits direct from the drawdown contract. There is no compulsion to buy an annuity or take income.

All the while you are in income drawdown the value of the fund remains yours. If you die then the fund can be given to your spouse, partner or left to your estate. Depending on how you beneficiaries use the fund if may be subject to tax.

Get income Drawdown help
 
 
As part of our commitment to excellent customer service we will provide for every customer a bespoke quote and a personalised information pack, containing over 20 pages, which explains everything you need to know about income drawdown



Get your FREE quote and pack sent direct to your email account, by completing our on-line form.
 
Drawdown Quotes Top
Drawdown Quotes Left Income Drawdown Quotes and Information Pack Drawdown Quotes Risht
Drawdown Information pack being read on beach
 

About Income Drawdown

   
     
Income Drawdown contracts are very flexible pension plans which are a hybrid of a pension savings plan and an annuity. We say this because, with an income drawdown contract, like a traditional pension plan, you can plan for your retirement, make contributions if you wish and manage how your fund is invested.

Likewise, once you have decided to stop contributing and take your benefits, similar to an annuity you can take a lump sum and income directly from the fund. Unlike an annuity you do not give the fund to a provider in exchange for an income for life, but still keep the pension fund under your control, and hopefully keep it growing.

It is down to the very flexible nature of these plans that customers find many differing ways of using them to suit their own needs and the needs of their families. Just see the examples above.

It would not be possible to discuss in depth all the variations and uses of an income drawdown contract on this website. However we do provide all customers who request quotes from us, a very detailed information pack explaining how income drawdown contracts work in detail. Simply request a FREE no obligation income drawdown quote and we think you will be impressed with the information pack you receive.

We also have experienced and qualified staff who would be happy to discuss any scenario you would care to put to them, as well as answer any questions you have.

Further down on this web page you will find more information on the scenarios listed above, as well as information on some more technical matters such as flexible drawdown.

It is our standard service to offer Income Drawdown without advice and nothing on this website should be considered a personal recommendation based on your circumstances.

Given their complex nature it should be remembered that Income Drawdown contracts are considered to be higher risk contracts than traditional pensions and annuities. You should make sure before you purchase one that it is entirely appropriate for your needs.

Income Drawdown - Benefits and Risks

   
Like all products, income drawdown contracts carry a number of benefits and risks. The following represents some of the more obvious benefits and risks of a drawdown contract. There may be others pertinent to your situation which are not featured below.

Benefits

   
You can take all of your benefits at once or just the tax-free lump sum whilst leaving the rest of your fund invested for retirement.

You remain in control of your money invested in the drawdown. It is available for you to manage your retirement income, as you see fit, within the rules governing income drawdown.

The fund remains invested giving you the option to grow it further at a time when you don’t need the income from an annuity.

You can phase the amount of income, if any, that you receive from the fund to ease you into retirement. You can take anything between 1% and 120% GAD, which stands for Government Actuarial Table (GAD) which is a calculation of the percentage of the fund you can take based on your gender and age.

Unlike a conventional annuity, you can still control how the drawdown fund is invested even when you are receiving income.

The fund remains part of your estate. Should you die before the fund is exhausted, it will form part of your estate and therefore pass to your family. Your spouse can use all of the remaining fund to purchase an annuity or similar product. If the fund is taken as a lump sum it will be taxed at 55%.

At any time you can cash in the drawdown contract and buy an annuity* You don’t have to buy an annuity on the day you retire, but can opt to take an income direct from the drawdown contract. This means that you don’t lose the opportunity of impaired health annuities or switching to an annuity should there be a significant rise in annuity rates at a later date. All the while you are in a drawdown contract you still have an “Open Market Option” to buy an annuity.

If you use a drawdown contract that has a fixed term and you leave the contract before the term expires you may lose any guarantees associated with the contract.

Risks

   
A pension fund is obviously intended to be used to provide money in your retirement. If you are now taking money from your pension fund before retirement you may seriously erode any income you could expect to receive in retirement. For this reason some drawdown providers will not accept drawdown business if the fund is below a certain amount.

The fund in your drawdown contract is subject to investment market fluctuations. If the funds you select do not perform you could find that the fund has shrunk rather than grown. This again could have a negative impact on your retirement income. It should be remembered however, that if your existing pension plan is also invested in this way, then you are already exposed to this risk.

There is a possibility that if you deplete the fund too quickly you could run out of money in retirement.

If you were to die before you converted the drawdown into an annuity, then the fund would pass to your estate. If your partner or family wanted it as a lump sum it would be taxed at 55%.

Your existing pension may have some guarantees built in that you may lose if you transfer into a drawdown contract. You should check this, or authorise us to check on your behalf, before completing the switch.

If you are planning to take an annuity at a later date, then should annuity rates decline you may not get as much income as you would have if you had annuitised now.

Pension legislation keeps on changing. We have previously seen legislation introduced in 2006 and 2011. Both of these government bills had positive and negative impacts on income drawdown. At any future point in time a government may again legislate on income drawdown and that legislation may impact negatively upon your plans.

If you want to understand the risks and benefits of Income Drawdown further please call us on 020 33 55 4827 and one of our qualified staff would be happy to explain in detail.

Income Drawdown Scenarios

   
As discussed above Income Drawdown contracts can be used in a number of ways. We will briefly discuss some of the options highlighted above.

Warning : These are very simple explanations aimed at giving you a basic understanding of the concepts discussed. They are not complete explanations of how an income drawdown contract is used in these various scenarios and you should not rely upon them as the basis of any decision you make.

To take a Tax Free Lump Sum

   
We have come across many customers who before retirement want to release a tax free pension lump sum from their pension fund. For many reasons they do not want to take an income. If they take the Tax Free Cash from their existing personal pension, their provider is likely to insist that they cash in the entire plan and also buy an annuity income. An income drawdown contract is an ideal way of taking a tax free pension lump sum, while leaving the remainder of your fund invested for retirement. To release a lump sum from your pension you must be aged 55 or over.

Our pension lump sum calculator will tell you how much you can take from your pension fund as a Tax Free Lump Sum. You can also request our FREE no obligation quote which includes an information pack that explains everything you need to know.

Warning : These are very simple explanations aimed at giving you a basic understanding of the concepts discussed. They are not complete explanations of how an income drawdown contract is used in these various scenarios and you should not rely upon them as the basis of any decision you make.
[Back to Top]    

To phase their retirement

   
Many conventional pension plans require that. at the moment you cash in the plan. you must buy an annuity. For some people they may initially only want to take a small amount of income and leave the rest invested to grow. Again an income drawdown contract can be a good solution for people who want to slowly phase themselves into retirement as you do not have to take all the income or lump sum at once. You can just take the amount you need (assuming the fund is large enough) and leave the rest invested for later.

We can help you to use income drawdown to phase in your retirement. Simply use our free no obligation quote service and we will get personalised quotes and a comprehensive information pack delivered direct to your home or email account if you prefer.


Warning : These are very simple explanations aimed at giving you a basic understanding of the concepts discussed. They are not complete explanations of how an income drawdown contract is used in these various scenarios and you should not rely upon them as the basis of any decision you make.
[Back to Top]    

To continue to grow their investment before and after retirement

   
Once a pension plan is exchanged for an annuity, the customer loses direct access and control of the money. In effect the fund is given to an annuity provider in exchange for an income for life. This income is agreed and known at outset. Some customers, particularly those with large funds, don’t like the idea of giving all of their fund to an annuity company and would prefer to retain control of it themselves. If they are a particularly sophisticated investor, they may also wish to invest their pension in other assets rather than those funds offered by their pension or income drawdown provider.

Again an income drawdown contract may be the ideal solution for these customers. Both before and after retirement the fund is owned and controlled by the customer. Even after they have retired and are taking an income directly from the fund, they can still make investment decisions aimed at growing the fund. For those customers who wish to invest in areas beyond the funds offered by the Drawdown provider, or who wish to have their fund managed by their stockbroker, we offer a “Self Invested” drawdown contract. If the “Self Invested” option appeals, please make us aware of this at the time you request your quotes.

Request a FREE no obligation quote and income drawdown information pack now

.

Warning : These are very simple explanations aimed at giving you a basic understanding of the concepts discussed. They are not complete explanations of how an income drawdown contract is used in these various scenarios and you should not rely upon them as the basis of any decision you make.
[Back to Top]    

To protect their fund before retirement and get guaranteed growth

   
Customers who are worried about the performance of the investment markets and fear that they may lose a large proportion of their fund just before retirement due to a stock market crash, may prefer a product that offers them guaranteed growth up to the point they reach retirement. You can choose to take a lump sum and / or an income at outset. Alternatively you can put all of the fund into the investment at the start but you would lose the opportunity of a Tax Free Lump Sum later. Whatever option you choose, you then agree to leave the plan untouched for an agreed term.

Before you take out the contract the provider will tell you exactly what you will get back at the end of the term. Then at the end of the term, as long as you have not broken the contract rules, you will get the guaranteed maturity value. You will have an Open Market Option with this money and can use it to purchase any retirement product you wish.

It is even possible to buy a guaranteed minimum pension now at a set retirement date in the future using a similar contract.

If you want a better understanding of how guaranteed income drawdown plans work, request our FREE no obligation quote which includes a comprehensive explanation of how these contracts work.


Warning : These are very simple explanations aimed at giving you a basic understanding of the concepts discussed. They are not complete explanations of how an income drawdown contract is used in these various scenarios and you should not rely upon them as the basis of any decision you make.
[Back to Top]    

To provide a further tax free lump sum in the future by recycling income

   
Once you have taken the maximum Tax Free Pension Lump Sum from a pension plan, you cannot take a further pension lump sum from the same plan. However you can recycle income drawdown regular income back into a personal pension to create the opportunity of a further Tax Free Pension Lump Sum at some point in the future. Our contract allows you to take an income and recyle all in one plan.

Some people who just want to take a pension lump sum several years before retirement nevertheless also take maximum income. They take this income (not the Tax Free Lump Sum) and invest it back into a personal pension (assuming their income allows). This is a tax neutral transaction as tax is paid on the income taken from the drawdown contract, but then tax relief is given on the pension contributions, up to current limits (£50,000 in 2011/2012).

Please Note : it is perfectly legal to recycle income from an income drawdown contract back into a personal pension plan. However it breaks HMRC rules to put the Tax Free Lump Sum back into a pension plan, as obviously you have already received a major tax benefit on this money.

As a very simple example, if a basic rate tax payer received £100 per month gross from a Drawdown plan, after tax they would receive £80. If they then paid the £80 back into a pension plan, they would get £20 tax relief making the total pension contribution £100. What has come out of the income drawdown has gone back into a new pension plan.

To keep things simple, the following example ignores investment performance and provider charges which will have either a negative or positive impact on the figures :

If a customer were able to take £2,000 gross per annum income from an income drawdown contract each year for 10 years and place it into a pension plan, at the end of 10 years the income drawdown contract would be £20,000 lighter but they would have a new pension plan worth £20,000.

At this point the customer now wishes to use all of their retirement funds to purchase an annuity. Whatever remains in the income drawdown contract must all be used to buy an annuity - the Tax Free Cash was taken 10 years ago. However a Tax Free Pension Lump sum can be taken from the pension plan. Based on the figures used in this example 25% of the fund (£5,000) can be taken as a Tax Free Lump sum and the remaining £15,000 used to purchase the annuity.

In this scenario we have used the income drawdown contract to create a further Tax Free Lump sum from the original pension fund by recycling income back into a personal pension.

Again for the avoidance of doubt you should remember that investment performance and provider charges will cause the figures in this example to fluctuate and the amount you get back could be higher or lower than those indicated.


Warning : These are very simple explanations aimed at giving you a basic understanding of the concepts discussed. They are not complete explanations of how an income drawdown contract is used in these various scenarios and you should not rely upon them as the basis of any decision you make.
[Back to Top]    

To pass their fund onto their family

   
The death benefits within an annuity contract are somewhat limited. In essence they take the form of a guaranteed pay out period typically 5 or 10 years. and a spouses benefit. For example if you select a 50% spouse’s benefit and you die then for the remainder of their life your spouse will receive half the income you received. When they die the annuity stops (assuming no guaranteed pay out period).

It is possible for a customer to give a fund worth hundreds of thousands of pounds to an annuity company and build in 100% for their spouse. However only three months after taking out the annuity they are both killed in a car crash. In this scenario the annuity company would keep the fund with no obligation to pay any further money to the family or estate. Even if a 5 year guarantee had been selected the annual income would only be paid for the remaining 4 years and 9 months. The annuity company keeps the rest.

Because an income drawdown contract remains under your control, even if you are taking an income, if you should die then it remains part of your estate. Your spouse could use all of the fund to purchase their own retirement product. If it passed to your children or estate then it would be paid as a lump sum, but eligible to tax at 55%. While this is undoubtedly a high rate of tax, some customers would prefer this to the risk of losing the entire fund to an annuity company.

Use our no obligation quote service and receive a FREE information pack explaining everything you need to know about income drawdown.


Warning : These are very simple explanations aimed at giving you a basic understanding of the concepts discussed. They are not complete explanations of how an income drawdown contract is used in these various scenarios and you should not rely upon them as the basis of any decision you make.
[Back to Top]    

To release all of their fund as a lump sum

   
Under certain circumstances it would be possible to take everything in an income drawdown contract as a lump sum albeit subject to tax at your marginal rate. In 2011 the government introduced two categories of income drawdown. If you have at least £20,000 per annum income coming from other retirement products and you meet other conditions, then your income drawdown contract will be classified as “flexible drawdown”. This means you can take as much or as little income as you wish from your drawdown fund. You could take all of your pension as a lump sum if you wished.

Our comprehensive information pack fully explains Flexible Drawdown and is provided free of charge to all customers who request an income drawdown quote.


Warning : These are very simple explanations aimed at giving you a basic understanding of the concepts discussed. They are not complete explanations of how an income drawdown contract is used in these various scenarios and you should not rely upon them as the basis of any decision you make.
[Back to Top]    

To release more income than available from an annuity

   
Besides possibly making use of “flexible drawdown” as discussed in the section above, it may be that the income you receive from the drawdown is more than you can achieve from an annuity.

It should be remembered however than the income from the annuity is guaranteed for life, while the drawdown income can fluctuate and even reduce. The amount of income you can take will be reviewed every 5 years, and at even shorter periods as you get older. If the underlying value of your investment has decreased or not kept pace with a required growth rate, or if the actuaries re-assess your life expectancy upwards, then the income from the drawdown will reduce.

You do have the opportunity when using a standard income drawdown contract to purchase an annuity whenever you wish. If you take too much income out of your fund you run the following risks :

Your fund could simply run out of money leaving you with no income.

At the point you choose to buy an annuity, you could get less from the annuity than you could have got, had you purchased an annuity instead of taking income from the fund.


Warning : These are very simple explanations aimed at giving you a basic understanding of the concepts discussed. They are not complete explanations of how an income drawdown contract is used in these various scenarios and you should not rely upon them as the basis of any decision you make.
[Back to Top]    
We have an excellent relationship with our customers and receive excellent feedback from them. We believe in offering a good old fashioned personal service to our customers. We are pleased they agree we do this, which is why the vast majority of them score us 10 out of 10.

Income Drawdown - Technical Information

   

In this section we discuss some of the more interesting aspects of income drawdown, although this is not a complete guide. For a complete guide to income drawdown please use our FREE quote request service and we will also send you a comprehensive information pack which discusses everything you need to consider about income drawdown.

 

WARNING : Income Drawdown contracts are very sophisticated products and carry a significantly higher degree of risk than an annuity contract. Our standard service is to offer Income Drawdown without advice. It is for the customer to decide if the product is appropriate to their needs and circumstances. If you are at all uncertain about income drawdown or if it is appropriate for your needs, we strongly recommend you request our advice service. .
     

At their most basic level income drawdown plans work just like a conventional pension savings policy, in that you can pay lump sums or make regular contributions into them. These contributions can be made by you or an employer and just like a regular pension policy the contributions attract tax relief.

Just like a pension plan, your money in an income drawdown contract is invested in one or more investment funds aimed at delivering growth.

It is at the point that you decide to take benefits (Tax Free Lump Sum and / or Regular Income) that income drawdown comes into its own. As discussed in the examples above they are very flexible contracts that allow you to take your benefits in the way that you want.

We have already discussed in depth on this site taking a Pension Lump Sum only, so we will discuss some of the more technical points you need to consider when taking an income.

 

Taking Income from a Drawdown Contract

   

Unlike an annuity where you exchange all of your pension fund (after any pre-commencment lump sum) for a monthly income, the Drawdown contract will allow you to take an income directly from the drawdown pension fund. The rest of the fund remains invested and hopefully, with prudent fund management, it will continue to grow. Of course your fund could also lose money thereby eroding your income in retirement.

In April 2011, the Government changed the rules on the income you could take from a Drawdown contract. Very simply, if you have over £20,000 income per annum coming from other pension sources then the income you take from your income drawdown contract is classified as "Flexible". This is known as the Minimum Income Requirement (MIR) for more details please see below.This means the the Government Actuary’s Department (GAD) rules (discussed below) don't apply and you could take as much income from your fund as you wished. However it should be remembered that any amount taken will be treated as earned income and therefore taxable. This could push you into higher rate tax.

If you feel you will qualify for Flexible Drawdown please make sure you fully understand the Minimum Income Requirement.

For those people who do not have £20,000 per annum from alternative pension sources, the income you take from a Drawdown contract is classified as "Capped". In this situation you must abide by the GAD rules. In our experience most customers would not qualify for "Flexible" Drawdown.

The government sets limits on the minimum and maximum amounts you can take from your drawdown fund, depending on your age. The limits are set by the Government Actuary’s Department (GAD) and indicate what percentage of your pension fund can be taken as income, based on your age. Don’t worry, your Drawdown provider will calculate all this for you, although the tables are available to download from the Government Actuary Department if you are interested.

The amount you can take is specified as a percentage of Government Actuary’s Department or GAD. Once set, you have a choice about how much of GAD you want to take within a specified range. The range goes from 0% GAD to 120% GAD.

This means that if the GAD table indicated that, based on your age and the size of your Drawdown pension fund, you can take £1,000 income per month, then you can select anywhere between £0 per month (0% GAD) or £1,200 per month (120% GAD).

If your fund allowed for £1,000 per month to be paid, but you only needed £400 per month, we would set your initial income level at 40% GAD. You can alter this amount each year. Most providers review your overall GAD entitlement every 5 years. This review could result in the income you are taking either increasing or decreasing. This will mainly depend on the value of your fund.

You cannot add any un taken income in one year onto the income of another year. For example, if you could take an income of £900 per month but only chose to take £400, you could not add the £500 per month onto the income you took in the next year, i.e. If 120% of GAD in the following year was £1,200 per month, you couldn't take that plus the £500 that you didn't take in the previous year.

Minimum Income Requirement (MIR)

To qualify for and use flexible income drawdown you must :

  • have a minimum income secured through other pension means of at least £20,000 pa. Income taken under this option is also taxed at your highest marginal rate.

  • have paid no contributions (or had any contributions paid on your behalf) in the same tax year in which flexible drawdown is to be taken.

  • to be eligible you must also not be an active member of a defined benefit or cash balance scheme. Contributions made into a money purchase scheme, made in the same tax year as the election to use flexible drawdown will be subject to an Annual Allowance tax charge taxed at the highest marginal rate, resulting in no financial gain.

If you do not meet the criteria above your Income Drawdown contract would be classified as "Capped"


The purpose of these notes is not to turn you away from a drawdown solution, but to make you fully aware of all the implications before you make an irreversible decision.

Drawdown can be an excellent solution for many people, and we have many clients on our books who have used it to make a major impact on their lives.

It is not however an ideal solution for everybody and you must ensure you fully understand all the risks before taking an irreversible decision. If in any doubt whatsoever we strongly recommend you use our advice service.

 
Income Drawdown Frequently Asked Questions

While you may have heard of Income Drawdown, you may not be aware of all its features and uses.

We get many people visit this website looking for further information about income drawdown. Below are some of the questions that have been asked and our responses to them. Please note that these responses shouldn't be taken as personal financial advice based on your circumstances. Furthermore legislation and pension rules may change over time.

We apologise if some of the questions appear a bit repetitive, but we do want to give our customers the best chance of finding the exact answer to their question. Just click the question that is the closest to the one you want to ask.

What information is required to get a drawdown quote ?
Should I take my tax free lump sum or income drawdown ?
 

What information is required to get a drawdown quote ?

We don’t need much information at all to provide you with a bespoke income drawdown quote. At a very basic level all we need is a date of birth, a fund value and an email address to send the quote to. However the following would be helpful in producing a more meaningful quote :

  • The date of birth of any spouse or civil partner
  • If you want to take an income or not
  • If you want to take your tax free pension lump sum
  • The age when you think you might want to cash in the fund and buy an annuity (if at all)

You can complete our on line quote request form in less than a minute, as most (if not all) of the information we require will be well known to you. When you ask us to provide you with a quote, we will also send you personalised information pack which will explain everything you want to know in easy to understand language.

There is no obligation to use us, but we think you will be impressed with our service.

[Back to Top]

Should I take my tax free lump sum or income drawdown ?

This is an interesting question as one of the major uses of an income drawdown contract is that it will allow you to take your tax free lump sum and you can choose whether to drawdown an income or leave the fund invested for a later date. This means it isn’t an either or question.

As with the majority of financial products it isn’t the case that one product is necessarily better than the other, or that there is a better way to use a product. The most important thing is that you understand the product you are using and that it is suitable for your needs. What is right for one person may not be right for another.

You can use both an annuity and an income drawdown to release your tax free lump sum. Likewise you can use both products and decide not to take it. The difference is that you cannot take an annuity without also taking regular income, while the income drawdown contract will allow you to defer taking income until you want it.
[Back to Top]
 
Annuity or Tax Free Cash Footer
ABOUT US | INITIAL DISCLOSUREFREE ANNUITY GUIDE | TERMS & CONDITIONS | PRIVACY POLICY | CONTACT US | SITEMAP | NEWS |  BLOG

Cookies Policy : The website does not use cookies and nothing is downloaded to your PC or Device

The information contained on this website is for information purposes only.

This website DOES NOT contain personal advice based on your circumstances.

Platinum Financial Consulting
The Old School House, East End Road
Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex, CM0 7PY

Telephone : 020 33 55 4827           Fax : 0871 277 1422           Email : info@platinumifa.co.uk

AUTHORISED AND REGULATED BY THE FINANCIAL CONDUCT AUTHORITY

Copyright © 2009 & 2016 Platinum Financial Consulting

FCA Registration Number : 227014

Keep up to date with annuity rate changes and other retirement issues  
If you are nearing retirement keep up to date with annuity rate changes by subscribing to our news feed

Pension Annuity Specialists